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茶杯,茶道美學的開始 Tea Aesthetics: It all begins with a teacup

Posted by CRM . on

文 By: 許玉蓮 Hooi Yoke Lien

人們種茶、制茶,預備周全的茶具、泡茶與品茗環境,發明了許多不一樣的泡茶方法,就是為了要將茶包含着的豐腴茶汁釋溶出來享用,茶的美味滋養我們的肉身,讓我們感覺快意,感覺美,使我們的心思清明,達至一個玲瓏透徹的境地,那就是我們最接近我們的靈魂的時候了。

所以我們要把茶種好,把茶制好,把泡茶與品茗環境弄好,把茶泡好,把茶具做好,才能夠把茶喝好,由此我們認為茶具裡那一個小小的杯子有沒有被做好,是屬於茶道很關鍵性的物品,絶對不能濫竽充數。

當我們談茶道的美,是可以縮小範圍集中研究茶湯的,茶湯之美,可以聚焦在欣賞其色香味,甚至更簡單的只需回答“是否好喝”?

一個茶美味與否,由當時的人、法、境、茶、水、器形成主要條件,借助這些種種管道,我們去辨別茶湯是否已經表現出應有的美味,再由味覺與嗅覺感官來作出最後判斷,告訴我們好不好喝。

茶好不好喝是非常嚴肅的課題,茶湯進入口腔,馬上直接影響人們身心靈的成長與發展,茶好喝,我們就會身體舒暢、精神愉快,做人做事都特別起勁,相反如果品茗得不舒服,那將會敗壞我們的身體,令我們心情萎靡。

好用的品杯必須質地結實,燒結程度高。杯型要上寬下窄,茶湯入口更可領會水感順滑。品杯要有上釉,不上釉的杯子較難清洗,不易保持衛生。



All the effort put through to plant and produce tea, prepare tea equipage, brew and create a great tea-drinking environment comes down to one single purpose: the attainment of the ultimate tea experience whereby the rich infusion permeates and overwhelms our body, leading us to the sensation of pleasure and beauty. We feel calm, satisfied and mentally alert after a good cuppa. It is at this crystal-clear state of mind that we are closest to our soul.

We have to make sure every aspect is well executed, from tea plantation and production to brewing and the setting where tea is brewed and appreciated. Quality tea serving utensils are essential to bring out the pleasure in tea drinking. Simple as they may seem, well-made tea cups are pivotal to the pursuit of the Way of Tea; we just can’t afford to have these otherwise.

When we talk about the beauty of the Way of Tea, we may zoom in to the tea infusion right away. The aesthetics of tea infusion may be further narrowed to the appreciation of its colour, aroma and flavour. Or one simple question: does it taste good?

The flavour of tea is decided by a few elements: the person, the brewing method, the tealeaves, and the water and the utensils used. We will assess if the tea infusion has brought out the best possible flavour, given these external elements. Our senses of taste and smell will conclude the experience and decide if the tea tastes good.

The taste of tea infusion is no slight matter – it directly affects our body, mind and soul the very moment it is taken. A good brew rejuvenates and delights us; we are recharged to go further. A poor brew, on the other hand, spoils our day and takes us to a downward spiral; we will feel unsatisfied and unfulfilled.

A good teacup must be compact in texture and have a high degree of sintering. A teacup slightly wider at the rim and tapering towards the base enables us to appreciate the smoothness of the infusion. Tasting cups must be glazed for hygienic reason; it is harder to keep unglazed cups thoroughly clean.
Tea Brewing Method Tea Tips 泡法

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